It was common that the director of a conservatoire wrote dedicated pieces for all of the exams, which usually would be performed with a string quartet consisting of teachers of the school rather than, as later in the 20th century, with piano accompaniment,
Although it would be unfair to judge the musical value of Fétis work by comparing it to world-class compositions such as the Brahms Trio, the piece still strikingly marks the 'old' way of thinking about horn repertoire, that would completely be blown away by the Liègeois horn school in the years after. It is the last in the series of over fifteen contest pieces written by Fétis between 1843 (the year of Artôt's appointment in Brussels) and 1866 (Merck's appointment as horn teacher).
During the Artôt period, the horn class was divided into two sections: the class for 1° cor, performing on the natural horn, and the class for 2° cor, which, in reality, meant the valve horn. This Petite Pièce (a title given by the performers as the original was nameless) was written for both categories.The writing for the natural horn is melodic in the middle high register, the writing for the second horn is more meant as an accompaniment, more chromatic and virtuoso.